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Political Science Research

Library Class Materials 9/22

Peer Review Process

peer review infographic


Soni B, Kumar A. (2021). Peer review process - ascertaining quality and integrity in science [Infographic]. Qualiten Insight.

Peer Review Process Example

Thank you to Dr. Szarejko for allowing me to use one of his most recent publications as an example of the peer review process.

Peer Review Test

Parts of a scholarly article

parts of a scholarly article infographic


Sumy State University Library (2023). Structure of scientific texts [Infographic]. Sumy State University Library.

How to read a scholarly article

how to read a scholarly article infographic

Primary sources in Political Science

Finding primary sources in political science

What's a primary source in political science? It depends on the context of what it's being used for. Empirical research papers are considered a primary source in the sciences and social sciences.

Common political science primary sources include:

  • Journals, diaries, and memoirs.
  • Speeches.
  • Government documents like hearings, committee reports, and the Congressional Record.
  • Statistics, opinion polls, data.
  • Oral histories and interviews.
  • Photographs and films.
  • Posters and street art.
  • Pamphlets and other ephemera.
  • Websites and social media posts.

Citation: Leahy, S. (2023, September 12). Research guides: Political science: Primary sources. Retrieved Sep 19, 2023, from


Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

Passed in 1967, FOIA "has provided the public the right to request access to records from any federal agency. It is often described as the law that keeps citizens in the know about their government. Federal agencies are required to disclose any information requested under the FOIA unless it falls under one of nine exemptions which protect interests such as personal privacy, national security, and law enforcement" (Office of Information Policy, n.d.).

Below is an informational video from the Dept of Justice. It is from 2018.

Citation: Office of Information Policy. (n.d.). (freedom of information act) learn. Retrieved Sep 19, 2023, from


Primary sources online and in print

Look for primary sources in print and online

  • Use "source" as a subject term keyword in searching OneSearch and WorldCat or use the name of the document type as one of your keywords (such as searching for Iowa women immigrant diaries).
  • Use "primary source," museum, archive, and/or site:org as a keyword with your topic on Google or another online search engine. The two examples below are different and yielded equally interesting results with primary sources:
    • screencap of a search using museum and site:org
    • Screencap of search using "primary source"

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