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Leadership Studies Research

American Psychological Association (APA)

American Psychological Association Resources 

Citing ChatGPT Formula:

Author. (Date). Model Title (version) [Additional Descriptors]. URL

For ChatGPT, the descriptor is Large language model.


Citing ChatGPT Example:

OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 14 version) [Large language model].


In-text ChatGPT citation example:

  • Parenthetical citation: (OpenAI, 2023)
  • Narrative citation: OpenAI (2023)

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)

Purdue's Online Writing Lab commonly referred to as Purdue OWL is an online resource that supplements Purdue's writing lab. Over time it has become a go-to resource for faculty and students alike. If getting to Vogel to check out the APA Publication Manual can't happen, Purdue OWL is a wonderful online resource to use for your citation needs.



Citations: A Short Guide

Citing Sources: a short guide 


A way to structure pieces of information about the sources whose ideas and words you used when creating your paper, presentation, speech, etc. 


  • Authors/Scholars 

  • Research organizations 

  • Public/Governmental organizations 



  • In-text ---> short and long quotations, summary/paraphrasing, tables, pictures  

  • Reference page, typically at the end of the paper, presentation, etc. 


  • Helps your audience find these sources for themselves  

  • Shows the quality of your research per your use of diverse types of sources 

  • Gives credit to others for their ideas, thoughts, and challenging work — avoid plagiarism  

  • Demonstrates you know how to use information responsibly, ethically, and intelligently  


  • APA (social sciences, education, business, comm) 

  • MLA (English, comm) 

  • Chicago (music history) 

  • Turabian (religion, history, art) 

  • ASA (sociology) 

  • AP (Associated Press) (news) 

  • ACS (Chemistry) 

  • Wartburg Biology Writing Style 

  • CSE (Sciences) 


Parts of a Citation


Citation Management Made Easier!

Vogel Library provides access to RefWorks, a powerful citation management tool. Using a citation management tool will assist you in organizing and storing research articles and creating bibliographies. All faculty, students, and staff can set up a free RefWorks account:

  1. Go to the RefWorks login page (linked below)
  2. Click "Create Account"
  3. Sign up using your Wartburg email account

Questions? Contact the library!

Vogel Library, Wartburg College   |   100 Wartburg Blvd, Waverly, IA, 50677 |   Phone: 319-352-8500   | Email: