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Music Courses & Research: MU 318 & MU 461

MU 318 20th Century Music

A Research Plan

The research strategy you experienced in MU 315 also still applies! Remember, it looks something like this:

  1. Gathering background information from credible sources--these may be actual encyclopedias or they may not be. Get relevant keywords and an idea of the scope of the topic, plus possible categories.
  2. Moving on to more in-depth sources to get the meat of your information. This could be books or something else that is in-depth.
  3. Moving on to more specific sources to fill in the details. These will be journal articles or whatever applies in your case (interviews--it really depends).

Additional suggestions for the course

The tab titled "Web" will give you the most insight into researching more contemporary musicians and composers. If your topic is a more traditional research topic, then our more traditional resources still apply.

Think Creatively

  • Official bio pages (on their personal website, their publisher's website, etc)
  • Interviews with your composer/musician, whether in official publications or with established blogs/websites
  • Reviews
    • Publications, such as trade magazines and popular magazines specifically about music, that are aimed towards performers (not scholars) in the field are good. Find in our databases and online.
  • Liner notes from your favorite singer's recording of the song should be a wealth of information and explain how they were led to their interpretation.
  • Intelligent critics in respected newspapers/magazines such as The New York Times and The New Yorker (often an in-depth article of the kind in The New Yorker will put things into context and summarize the general critical views before jumping into criticism of a current performance).
  • State and local newspapers reviewing world premieres of composers' new works are also often the sole place to discuss world premieres of less-established composers.

You can find research articles on a piece AND reviews of performances in the music databases.




Citation Examples in Chicago/Turabian

Citing a Web Page: Follow this general format:

Hagenberg, Elaine. “About.” Elaine Hagenberg Music. Accessed March 15, 2019.

Look for these things:

  • Author or responsible party
  • Title of the actual page--put inside quotes
  • Title of website--not italicized. May be excluded if not applicable
  • Date of access, written as above
  • url

Citing a Score:

Author name. Title of Score. Edited by Name (if there is no editor, leave this part out). Place of publication: Publisher, year. (if there is no place, leave that part out; if there is no publisher and/or it was published online, say the year and then paste the url).

Specific score example:

Salfelder, Kathryn. Shadows Ablaze. Kon Brio, 2015.

  • Above you see that the place was left out as there was none, and the url was included as it was published online.