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Citation Guide

This guide provides a few examples of how to cite various sources in different citation styles. An explanation of citations is included on the first tab.

Citing the Bible in Turabian

Here is what the 8th edition of Turabian’s A Manual for Writers says about The Bible and Other Sacred Works, in 19.5.2, p253-254.

  • Cite the Bible and sacred works of other religious traditions in parenthetical citations.
  • You do not need to include them in your reference list.
  • For citations, use the abbreviated name of the book, the chapter number, and the verse number—never a page number.
  • Depending on the context, you may use either traditional or shorter abbreviations for the names of books.
  • 24.6, p339-343, The Bible and Other Sacred Works, lists all the abbreviations.
  • Use Arabic numerals for chapter and verse numbers (with a colon between them) and for numbered books.
  • Traditional example:   (1 Thess. 4:11, 5:2-5, 5:14)
  • Shorter example:  (1 Chr 10:13-14)
  • Consult your instructor about which form is appropriate.
  • Since books and numbering differ among versions of the scriptures, identify the version you are using in brackets in your first citation, either with the spelled-out name or an accepted abbreviation.
  • First: (2 Kings 11:8 [New Revised Standard Version]);  subsequent: (1 Cor. 6:1-10 [NAB])

Turabian Examples for Bible Dictionaries & Commentaries: From Drs. Judith & Brian Jones


Cite your DICTIONARY using the following format: 

Author of article (last name first).  "Article Title."  Dictionary Name Volume Number:first page of article–last page of article.  Edited by by First Name Last Name.  Place: Publisher, date.   


Bouzard, Walter C.  “Lamentations.”  The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible V:205–215.  Ed. by John H. Hayes.  Nashville:  Abingdon Press, 2007.

Brown, John and Jim Jones. "Transfiguration." Incredibly Scholarly Bible Dictionary 4:333-334.  Ed. Frederick Farkleburger, et al. Waverly: Wartburg Press, 2007.

Helpful hints: 

  • The name of the author of a Bible dictionary article usually appears at the end of the article, often after the bibliography for that article.
  • The editors are usually listed on the title page of the book.
  • The second line of a citation is indented (hanging indent).  It is not possible to show that in these guides.


Cite your MULTI-VOLUME COMMENTARY using the following format: 

Author. Title of Commentary Article. Title of One-Volume or Multi-Volume Commentary followed by volume number and inclusive page numbers of the commentary article. Editor(s) or the entire commentary (if more that one, list the name of the first editor followed by et. al., which means "and other). Place of publication: publisher, date of publication.


Meyer, Paul. "Romans." The New Interpreter's Bible 11:225-230. Ed. Paul Achtemeier et al. Nashville: Adingdon, 1994.

Helpful hints: 

  • In this kind of commentary, look for the author's name on the first page of the section focused on the biblical book you are studying (not on the first page of the whole book).
  • If your volume covers Genesis through Numbers, the author may be on the first page of the Exodus section.
  • The second line of a citation is indented (hanging indent).  It is not possible to show that in these guides.

Cite your SINGLE-AUTHOR BOOK OR COMMENTARY (not part of a series): 

Gundry, Robert. Matthew, a Commentary on His Literary and Theological Art. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1982.

Cite your SINGLE-AUTHOR COMMENTARY that is part of a series:

Craddock, Fred B. Luke (Interpretation). Louisville: John Knox, 1990.