The 16th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style has a list of Bible abbreviations at 10.45-52 (p510-514). It also has a section on Scriptural References (14.252-255), p757-8.
Note: These are Turabian examples, and Chicago examples will either be exactly the same or only slightly different.
CITING BIBLE DICTIONARIES:
Cite your DICTIONARY using the following format:
Author of article (last name first). "Article Title." Dictionary Name Volume Number:first page of article–last page of article. Edited by by First Name Last Name. Place: Publisher, date.
Bouzard, Walter C. “Lamentations.” The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible V:205–215. Ed. by John H. Hayes. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2007.
Brown, John and Jim Jones. "Transfiguration." Incredibly Scholarly Bible Dictionary 4:333-334. Ed. Frederick Farkleburger, et al. Waverly: Wartburg Press, 2007.
CITING BIBLE COMMENTARIES:
Cite your MULTI-VOLUME COMMENTARY using the following format:
Author. Title of Commentary Article. Title of One-Volume or Multi-Volume Commentary followed by volume number and inclusive page numbers of the commentary article. Editor(s) or the entire commentary (if more that one, list the name of the first editor followed by et. al., which means "and other). Place of publication: publisher, date of publication.
Meyer, Paul. "Romans." The New Interpreter's Bible 11:225-230. Ed. Paul Achtemeier et al. Nashville: Adingdon, 1994.
Cite your SINGLE-AUTHOR BOOK OR COMMENTARY (not part of a series):
Gundry, Robert. Matthew, a Commentary on His Literary and Theological Art. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1982.
Cite your SINGLE-AUTHOR COMMENTARY that is part of a series:
Craddock, Fred B. Luke (Interpretation). Louisville: John Knox, 1990.