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Citation Guide

This guide provides a few examples of how to cite various sources in different citation styles. An explanation of citations is included on the first tab.

Article and Web Sources in Reference List, ASA Style


Placeholder example for all articles: journal, magazine, or newspaper.

Use the print-style citation if there is a print version of the journal/magazine/newspaper, regardless of whether you read it in the print or online version.

Last Name, First Name Middle Initial. Year. “Article Title.” Publication Name Volume Number (Issue Number): Pages.

*Note the same form for author as for books. List full names of up to three authors; the second and third authors have their names written out in order (first, middle initial, last).

*If more than three authors, list first only and then et al.

*If no middle initial is available, don’t include it.


Hall, R. T. and Ed Carter. 2006. “Examining the Constitutionality of Internet Filtering in Public Schools: A US Perspective.” Education and the Law 18(4):227-245.

Placeholder example for articles available only in online publications (no print version)

Two kinds of citations:

Online-only using the URL:

Schafer, Daniel W. and Fred L. Ramsey. 2003. “Teaching the Craft of Data Analysis.” Journal of Statistics Education. 11(1). Retrieved July 10, 2010 (

*Note the addition of the date accessed and the url.

Online-only using Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Persell, Catherine Hodges, Kathryn M. Pfeiffer, and Ali Syed. 2008. “How Sociological Leaders Teach: Some Key Principles.” Teaching Sociology 36 (2):108-24. doi: 10.1177/0092055X0803600202.

*Note the doi replaces the url and date accessed. You can find more information about doi on the APA pages.

Web Sources, ASA

Placeholder Example for Websites

Author or name of website organization. Year. “Title of Article.” Location: Institution. Retrieved Month Day, Year (URL).

*Use your best judgment to decide how your website source fits.

Website Example

American Sociological Association. 2006. “Status Committees.” Washington, D.C.: American Sociological Association. Retrieved July 11, 2010 (