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Citation Guide

This guide provides a few examples of how to cite various sources in different citation styles. An explanation of citations is included on the first tab.

Book Sources in Reference List, ASA Style


Placeholder example for Book

Last name, First Name Middle Initial. Year. Book Title. Place of Publication: Publisher.

*Year is listed after author but is not in parenthesis as in APA.

*Title of Book is italicized.

*List full names of up to three authors; the second and third authors have their names written out in order (first, middle initial, last).

*If more than three authors, list first only and then et al.

*If no middle initial is available, don’t include it.

*The author name slot may be replaced with the name(s) of the editor(s) if there is no author listed. In this situation, the name(s) of the editor(s) follow the guideline for the author name, with the abbreviation ed. or eds. at the very end.


Hagan, John and Ruth D. Peterson, eds. 1995. Crimes and Inequality. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.


Young, T.R. 1989. Crime and Social Injustice: Theory and Promise for the 21st Century. Red Feather Institute. Retrieved June 22, 2010 (

*This is the same as a print book with the addition of the url and the date accessed.

Placeholder Example for Chapter/Essay/Article in a Book

Last Name, First Name Middle Initial. Year. “Article title.” pp. pages in Book Title, edited by First Initial, Second Initial, Last Name of editor(s). Place of Publication: Publisher.

*Note writing pp. before the page numbers.

Chapter/Essay/Article in a Book

Zatz, Marjorie S. and Richard P. Krecker, Jr. 2003. “Anti-gang Initiatives as Racial Policy.” pp. 173-96 in Crime Control and Social Justice: The Delicate Balance, edited by D.F. Hawkins, S.L. Meyers, Jr., and R.N. Stone. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

*Note the inclusion of the pp. before the page numbers.

*Note the second author’s name is written in order.

*Note the editor’s names are written with first and middle initials.