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Wartburg College - 100 Wartburg Blvd. - Waverly, IA 50677

Citation Guide

This guide provides a few examples of how to cite various sources in different citation styles. An explanation of citations is included on the first tab.

In-Text Citations, ASA Style

IN-TEXT CITATIONS, ASA

 

General Instructions:

Author and date are always required; page number required when quoting specific passage. Vary your method based on the flow of the text.

  1. Include both the name and date in parentheses after the sentence and before the period. The date is normally just the year, but check other types of publications for variations:
    • Paraphrase: Aishwarya Rai, through her product endorsements, implicitly supports color classing while explicitly (but vaguely) speaking against it (Osiri 2008).
    • Direct quote: “White femininity is used to market the desirability and the seductiveness of the possessions themselves” (Osiri 2008:116).

 

  1. Include the name and date in the sentence:
    • Paraphrase: Osiri shows that Aishwarya Rai, through her product endorsements, implicitly supports color classing while explicitly (but vaguely) speaking against it (2008).
    • Direct quote: As Osiri (2008) explains, “White femininity is used to market the desirability and the seductiveness of the possessions themselves” (116).

Multiple Authors

For up to 3 authors, always cite all authors every time you reference the source. Write “and” between their names if there are two, and use an additional comma if three.

  • As stated by Gopal & Moorti (2008), the diaspora has helped the popularity explode.
  • The diaspora has helped the popularity explode (Gopal, Moorti, & Chandresh 2008).

 

For more than 3 authors, list only the first author and then write “et al.”

  • Many teachers prep their courses believing poverty is not a diversity issue that should affect their plans (Cuthrell et al. 2010).

 

 

Everything Else

Please see the style manual at the library reference desk.