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Citation Guide

This guide provides a few examples of how to cite various sources in different citation styles. An explanation of citations is included on the first tab.

Video and Audio Sources in Works Cited, MLA Style

VIDEO/AUDIO, MLA

Placeholder example

These are all quite different, so analyze each to understand their elements.

Film (DVD, theater, any format)

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon. Dir. Ang Lee. Sony Pictures Classics, 2000. Film.

 

*Use this form when you are simply citing the film as a whole. Add performers, etc, in the middle after the director if you so desire (see the style guide, page 197).

 

Dun, Tan, composer. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon. Dir. Ang Lee. Sony Pictures Classics, 2000. Film.

 

*Use this form when you want to point out the contributions of a particular person in the film (see the style guide, page 197).

Video online

Walled In: The Politics of Building Barriers. Films Media Group, 2011. Films On Demand. Web. 05 December 2012.

 

*This is a video from our database Films on Demand.

 

Alvarez, Manny, commentator.  “Hispanics Fire Back at Harry Reid.” Fox News. FOX News Network, 12 Aug. 2010. Web. 9 Nov. 2010.

 

*This is a video on a news website. Note how it follows the rules for web site citations.

 

Crocker, Chris. “Leave Britney Alone.” itschriscrocker. YouTube, 10 Sept. 2007. Web. 20 Feb. 2012.

 

*This is a video on YouTube. Note how it follows the rules for web site citations.

 

Horner, Jack. “Shape-shifting Dinosaurs.” TED: Ideas worth spreading. TED Conferences, Nov. 2011. Web. 20 Feb. 2012.

 

*This is a TED talk. Note how it follows the rules for web site citations.

TV or Radio episode

Glass, Ira. “Reap What You Sow.” This American Life. Public Radio International. WBEZ, 27 Jan. 2012. Radio.

 

*This citation should remind you of the citation for a chapter/essay/article in a book—it has the same kind of pieces. The ones that will look new to you are the name of the network and letters of the local station (if known).

*As with films, put any contributor you want to emphasize into the author placeholder.

 

“Humbug.” The X-Files. 20th Century Fox Television. 31 Mar. 1995. Television.

 

*A TV show is the same as a radio show—note we did not include the local station here as it is unknown/unnecessary.

Audio Recording

Gainsbourg, Serge. Rock Around the Bunker. Rec. 1975. Mercury, 2001. CD.

 

*As with films, the person cited in the author position is the person you want to emphasize as contributor.

*Since the album was recorded previous to the CD reissue, we included that by indicating “Rec. 1975.”

 

Gainsbourg, Serge. “Nazi Rock.” Rock Around the Bunker. Rec. 1975. Mercury, 2001. CD.

*This is a citation for a single song.

Audio Recording online

Roosevelt, Franklin D. “Fireside Chat on Banking.” Rec. 12 Mar. 1933. The American Presidency Project, n.d. MP3 file. Web. 21 Feb. 2012.

 

*Here we combined the citation rules for a digital file and a website since the file exists on the web.

* n.d. means no date (for the MP3).

 

Gainsbourg, Serge. Rock Around the Bunker. Rec. 1975. Mercury, 2001. MP3 file. Music Online database. 4 Dec. 2012.

 

*This example is of an audio recording from our audio database Music Online.