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Citation Guide

This guide provides a few examples of how to cite various sources in different citation styles. An explanation of citations is included on the first tab.



Placeholder example for books—see below for specifics

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Place of publication: publisher, year. Medium.


*MLA spells out the whole first name where available.

*Title of Book is italicized.

*Medium means type of material: Print, Web, DVD, JPEG, etc.


Mitchell, David. Cloud Atlas: A Novel. New York: Random House, 2004. Print.

IS101 Reader

Martinsen-Burrell, Neil and Kathryn Kleinhans, eds. Asking Questions, Making Choices: IS101 Reader. Acton, MA: XanEdu Publishing, 2012.


*You will most likely be citing only one essay from the IS101 Reader, not the entire book. For an example of citing only one essay/chapter, please see the “Books--Part of a Book” page.

*Note that this is the same as the Textbook example but with editors.


Gopal, Sangita and Sujata Moorti, eds. Global Bollywood: Travels of Hindi Song and Dance. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008. ebrary. Web. 2 Feb. 2012.


*Note the use of the term “ebrary” in the file type placeholder. Vogel has many ebrary books, and this is how you will cite it. Books on the open web, of course, would not be ebrary files. The final date is the date accessed and will be your personal date of access, not the one listed here.

*This is also a book with editors, which means the chapters are each written by different people.

Book, translated

Fubini, Riccardo. Humanism and Secularization: From Petrarch to Valla. Trans. Martha King. Durham: Duke University Press, 2003. Print.


Book that is an edition

Kishlansky, Mark, Patrick Geary and Patricia O’Brien. Civilization in the West. 6th ed. New York: Pearson, 2006. Print.


*Textbooks usually have edition numbers—that is included above. Textbooks sometimes have editors instead of authors; in that case, instead of putting a period after the final author’s name, put a comma and write this: eds. Then put a period. The IS101 Reader example is an example of that.

Book with Multiple Authors

Bressan, Elizabeth et al. The Basic Stuff in Action for Grades K-3. Reston, VA: American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 1987.


*See examples above and below with one, two, or three authors. For more than three authors, it is your choice to list them all in the order they appear on the title page, or simply name the first listed and then write this: et al, as in the example in this box.

The whole reference book/a multi-volume set

Parini, Jay. The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature. Vol. 2. Oxford University Press: New York, 2004. Print.


*This example is for citing a single volume in a multivolume work.


Parini, Jay. The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature. 4 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Print.


*This example is for citing two or more volumes in a multivolume work (whether you cite 2 or 20, it will look the same).

*Note that not all reference works come in multivolume sets; cite accordingly.


American College Health Association. Dealing with Depression: What Everyone Should Know. Baltimore: American College Health Association, 2008. Print.


*Cited the same as a book.