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Wartburg College - 100 Wartburg Blvd. - Waverly, IA 50677

Citation Guide

This guide provides a few examples of how to cite various sources in different citation styles. An explanation of citations is included on the first tab.

Communication Sources in Reference List, APA Style

PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS, APA

Placeholder example

All examples are quite different, so analyze each to understand the specific aspects.

Convocation

Nolan, A. (2011, September). Graphic novels. Convocation Series. Lecture conducted at Neumann Auditorium, Wartburg College, Waverly, IA.

 

*This citation is based on the citation for an unpublished symposium presentation (style manual page 206).

Lecture

McCarty, D. (2010, October). Banned books. Inquiry Studies 101. Lecture conducted from Wartburg College, Waverly, IA.

Montgomery, Z. (2012, January). Sociocultural Effects of Colonialism on Native Brazilians. Inquiry Studies 201: race, class, and gender in Brazil. Lecture conducted from Wartburg College, Waverly, IA.

 

*This citation is based on the citation for an unpublished symposium presentation (style manual page 206).

*If you don’t know which specific lecture, write fall semester or whatever instead of the month.

Interview by someone else

These citations are very type-specific, so please use the citation manual to look up your type and go from there (section 7.10, starting on page 212).

Personal interviews, emails, and letters

You will not cite an interview you conducted in the reference list. You will only reference it in-text, with this information in parentheses after the reference:

  • (S. Shamau, personal communication, April 5, 2008).