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Citation Guide

This guide provides a few examples of how to cite various sources in different citation styles. An explanation of citations is included on the first tab.

Book Sources in Reference List, APA Style


Placeholder example for articles—see below for specifics

Author, A. A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (year). Title of book. Place of publication: publisher.


*Names are listed with last name comma first initial (first and second initials if available). Ampersand (&) is used to connect to the final author when there are multiple authors.

*Year always comes next in parentheses.

*Title of book capitalizes first word only; nothing else capitalized except proper nouns and first word after a colon.


Mitchell, D. (2004). Cloud atlas: A novel. New York: Random House.

IS101 Reader

Martinsen-Burrell, N. & Kleinhans, K. (Eds.). (2012). Asking questions, making choices: IS101 reader. Acton, MA: XanEdu Publishing.


*You will most likely be citing only one essay from the IS101 Reader, not the entire book. For an example of citing only one essay/chapter, please see the “Books--Part of a Book” page.

*Note that this is the same as the Textbook example but with editors.


Gopal, S. & Moorti, S. (Eds.). (2008). Global Bollywood: Travels of Hindi song and dance [Ebrary file]. Retrieved from


*Use the phrase “Retrieved from” and paste the url. Do not end with a period.

*Only the first word is capitalized; after that, no capitalization except for proper nouns.

*If it is an electronic-only version of a book, it will look the same except you do not have to put what type of file it is in brackets.

Book, translated

Fubini, R. (2003). Humanism and secularization: From Petrarch to Valla (Martha King, Trans.). Durham: Duke University Press.

Textbook or Book that is an edition

Kishlansky, M., Geary, P. & O’Brien, P. (2006).Civilization in the West (6th ed.). New York: Pearson.


*Textbooks usually have edition numbers—that is included above. Textbooks sometimes have editors instead of authors; in that case, instead of putting a period after the final author’s name, put a comma and write this: eds. Then put a period. The IS101 Reader example is an example of that.

Book with Multiple Authors

*Any number of authors up to 7 must be listed last name, first initials, with commas between and the ampersand (&) sign before the final name. See above for an example.


Gilbert, D. G., McClernon, J. F., Rabinovich, N. E., Sugai, C., Plath, L. C., Asgaard, G., . . . Botros, N. (2004). Effects of quitting smoking on EEG activation and attention last for more than 31 days and are more severe with stress dependence, DRD2 A1 allele, and depressive traits. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 6, 249-267. Doi:10.1080/14622200410001676305


*With 8 or more authors, the first 6 are listed. Three ellipses are typed, and then the final authors name is given.

*This example is taken directly from page 198 of the APA manual (American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.) (This is correct—see below for how to cite the APA manual)

The whole reference book/a multi-volume set

Parini, J. (2004). The Oxford encyclopedia of American literature. (Vols. 1-6). New York: Oxford University Press.


*If your multivolume work was published over a number of years, include the date range in the year place holder, such as (2002-2004).

Newsletter (cite a pamphlet just like a book)

Did you know? (2012, February 22). The morning juice. Retrieved from templates/Template_Html_Adv.asp?MFQID=6383714&test=t

APA Manual

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.


*Since the author and publisher are the same, you write it as above (see the style manual page 203).